Results for Category: Qatar
Desalination is the main source of domestic water supply in Qatar, meeting about 50% of the total water demand. The first seawater desalination plant was established in 1953, based on the submerged tube process, with a capacity of 682 m3/d. The second plant was set up in 1962 at Ras Abu Aboud, based on the commercially successful multi-stage flash distillation process, with a capacity of 0.25 MCM/d. Since then, Qatar has invested in building several desalination plants to meet its water needs. Commissioning of all the desalination plants, along with the capacity and technology used, are summarized in Table 1. Kahramaa is responsible for the distribution of the desalinated water to domestic users.
The first water-related law introduced in Qatar was Decree No.7, which was adopted in 1963, on defining water tariffs. Since then, Qatar has introduced and adapted many laws and decrees, with the aim of organizing, managing and protecting its water resources. An overview of the main water laws, regulations and decrees is presented in Table 1.
The Umm er Radhuma-Dammam Aquifer System extends from northern Iraq to the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula over a distance of 2,200 km. Overall, it covers an area of more than 1.2 million km2. This system generally comprises three formations: the Dammam, the Rus and the Umm er Radhuma (Map 1). Map 2 shows the hydrogeological section of the Umm er Radhuma-Dammam Aquifer.