Results for Category: Libya
Libya has no rivers, and its surface run-off is limited to short floods following extreme rainstorms in the winter. This puts the total contribution of surface water at less than 3% of the existing water in use. Therefore, and according to the present conditions surface water resources do not add very much to Libya’s water supply.
In a largely arid country like Libya, clean water is most valuable for meeting human needs and agricultural production. Contamination from seawater intrusion and oil drilling has put water quality under pressure and reduced the useable supply. Consequently, water quality is considered a critical issue.
Surface water quality
Water consumption in Libya is rising as a result of population increase, urbanisation and improving economic conditions. In addition, irrigated agriculture is intensifying in the coastal zone as well as in the oases and along wadis, Even so, domestic water use varies greatly, from less than 150 litre per capita per day (L/cap./d) in small rural settlements to more than 300 L/cap./d in major cities.
Traditional systems are widely used to collect water for irrigation and domestic use. Underground cisterns (fasqiya) collect rainfall in houses inurbane areas, whereas people in rural areas have long depended on canals originating from hand-dug wells, springs and dams. Since the late 1960s, water supply networks have been constructed in most villages, towns and cities across the country.