Water Management in Sudan
Key governmental and non-governmental organizations
The Ministry of Water Resources, Irrigation and Electricity is the central ministry responsible for all water issues. Village Development Committees are responsible for land allocation for agriculture and grazing as well as water supply and development including the running and maintenance of water yards in rural areas. Local non-governmental organizations (NGOs), such as the Sudanese Environment Conservation Society, and some international NGOs, such as the Environmental Network of the Horn of Africa, play a pivotal role in local community development, and water is an entrance point for all development initiatives.
Financing the water sector
Financing the water sector is the responsibility of the government. Technical assistance, in the form of capacity and institutional building and experts, are in some cases provided by development partners such as UNICEF. The water cooperation in each state finances itself from the water charges collected from consumers. Water charges for agricultural use are also imposed to recover operational and maintenance costs. Nevertheless, when the government does not provide its counterpart contributions (even in kind), further financing is not forthcoming.