What Does future hold for water in Sudan?
Concerted efforts are necessary at national, state and county levels to maintain existing facilities and accelerate service delivery. It is also essential to demonstrate strong political commitment. In 2006, the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources was given the domestic water provision portfolio, thereby eliminating the strong and experienced urban and rural water supply authorities. In 2012, the Ministry of Irrigation was merged with the Ministry of Electricity and Dams, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Water Resources, with no clear portfolio. It is now the Ministry of Water Resources, Irrigation and Electricity, responsible for water resources management and development, irrigation management and electricity development across the country.
At the regional level, Sudan should cooperate with the Nile basin countries, rather than opposing joint future plans like the Cooperative Framework Agreement and the Nile Basin Commission. As yet, the paradigm of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, on the Blue Nile, is not clear, such as how many years the first filling will take, the volume of annual water and the timing of its release. An environmental impact study for the dam was never carried out, although the first filling is planned for 2017.