The ‘Water Sector Strategy 2014-2032’ outlines different measures to cope with growing water scarcity in Palestine. It includes a financing strategy for the water sector, which identifies all potential resources to achieve a self-sufficient water sector.
In 2014, the Palestinian Authority signed a new water law that intends to bring about major reforms in the water sector. Under the new law, some of the previously identified fragmentation in the water institutions is expected to be resolved. The PWA has become the body in charge of ministerial functions, and an independent regulator has been created to supervise service providers.
The new law also separates functions at the governance and operational level; it restricts PWA to the policy and planning level, including the functions of an existing Project Management Unit (PMU), and establishes a new body, the Water Regulatory Council (WRC), to monitor and regulate water and wastewater service provisions.
The WRC will prepare all indicators and standards based on international practice, and control and regulate the water tariff and the water/wastewater prices based on cost recovery and other operational and management criteria. On the operational level, the national water company and service providers will be responsible for water supply, wastewater collection and treatment.
The strategy and PWA vision of private-sector participation and partnership will be implemented in service contracts, works, operation and management of water and wastewater facilities.