Water of the Middle East and North Africa

Increasing Water Availability in the West Bank

Roof water tank in Jenin, West Bank. By Guillaume Paumier.
Roof water tank in Jenin, West Bank. By Guillaume Paumier.

Treating wastewater will eliminate environmental degradation, improve public health and increase water availability, as the treated water will be reused for agriculture.

The PWA has conducted several studies on building new treatment plants and rehabilitating existing ones throughout the West Bank with the support of international donors. In its strategy published in 2014, the PWA states that three new wastewater treatment plants are under reconstruction, and six feasibility studies have been conducted for constructing additional treatment plants. Once all these projects are complete, it is expected that 63,000-118,000 m3/d of recycled water will be produced. The PWA’s objective is to reuse around 25% of that amount for agricultural purposes.[i]

As mentioned elsewhere in this report (see Water Use) the supply network throughout the West Bank loses around 30% of the supplied water. The PWA had stated that there are ongoing efforts to rehabilitate and renew the network, which will reduce the losses and increase the efficiency of water delivery.

These are ambitious plans. Yet their implementation depends on the political atmosphere as well as the bureaucracy of securing permits from the JWA and the Civil Administration.

[i] Attili, S., 2015. Head of the PWA 2008-14. Personal communication.