Results for Category: Tunisia
The Tunisian government has made significant efforts since independence in 1956 to mobilize water resources by building large and small dams, reservoirs, transfer pipelines, river defence works, drinking water treatment stations, wastewater treatment stations and water desalination stations, agricultural drainage systems and so on the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fisheries, to the extent that water infrastructure covers almost the whole country.
Inefficient water use: network leakages, agricultural waste
Between 2010 and 2016, about 69% of the total irrigated areas in Tunisia adopted water-saving technologies, with an efficiency varying between 38% and 85% and an average of 59%, which is far from the desired norm of around 80% in the pressurized networks.  The low level of efficiency can be explained not only by the physical losses in the networks but also the administrative losses due to illegal connections and insufficient registration of water meters.
With below 500 m3/cap/yr, Tunisia is facing a serious water deficiency. Groundwater extraction often exceeds natural recharge, resulting in a progressive decline of the groundwater table and a deterioration of the water quality. The situation is expected to worsen due to population growth and urbanization as well as the effect of climate change on the availability and variability of water resources.